Nearly 90,000 adults go to emergency rooms each year for side effects of psychiatric medications, and a few specific drugs may be to blame for 57% of those visits, a new study has found.
Overview of emergency department visits, showing that the nearly 90,000 visits account for nearly 10% of all visits for adverse drug effects.Also, nearly half of the patients were ages 19 to 44 years, and one in five required hospitalization.Sedatives and anxiolytics were most often to blame, causing nearly 31,000 annual emergency department visits. Following those, antidepressants account for more than 25,000 visits, antipsychotics for nearly 22,000, lithium salts for 3620 and stimulants for 2779.
The ten drugs that may be implicated in most of the emergencies are the following, according to the research team: zolpidem tartrate (Ambien), a sedative; quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel), an atypical antipsychotic; alprazolam (Xanax), an anxiolytic; lorazepam (Ativan), a sedative and anxiolytic; haloperidol, an antipsychotic; clonazepam, a sedative and anxiolytic; trazodone, an antidepressant, anxiolytic and sedative; citalopram hydrobromide (Celexa), an antidepressant; lithium salts, a mood stabilizer; and risperidone, an antipsychotic.
The number one culprit on the list, zolpidem tartrate, accounts for more than 10,000 visits, while risperidone at number 10 accounts for nearly 3700, with the rest falling in between.
Quazi Imam, M.D.
Board Certified in Psychiatry.
Board Certified in Addiction Psychiatry.
Board Certified in Geriatric Psychiatry.
Board Certified in Forensic Psychiatry.
Former Assistant Professor of Psychiatry,Mount Sinai School of Medicine, NY.
Child & Adolescent Psychiatrist,Harvard Medical School Trained.
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